Lesson 【6

欢迎回来, welcome back. Today we are going to learn the sentence [6_This girl is very beautiful], [这个女孩很漂亮。]

  • [this girl], [这个女孩/姑娘]
    pinyin is spelled as: [zheGe nvhai/guniang][DserGher newhai/goo-nee-ung].
  • [is very beautiful], [很漂亮/美丽]
    pinyin is spelled as: [hen PiaoLiang/meiLi][hen Pee-au Lee-ung/may-Lee].
  • [6_This girl is very beautiful], [这个女孩很漂亮。]

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    Lesson 【5

    Hi, welcome back. It is a lovely sunny day today, and we just came back from the mountains: my mom, cousins, my aunts...Why? It is the 100th birthday of my grandma, my father's mother. She is sleeping in her grave but we still celebrated her birthday together. I told her that I wrote a story of her and her husband, my grandpa, in English, and the story is on Facebook, read my a number of my foreign friends. My grandpa was a roof tile maker, they lived a hard life together because of the constant wars, political movements. Today we are going to learn the sentence [5_We have no money], [我们没有钱。]

  • [we do not have], [我们没有]
    pinyin is spelled as: [women meiyou][warmen mayyo].
  • [no money], [没钱]
    pinyin is spelled as: [mei qian][may chain].
  • [5_We have no money], [我们没有钱。]

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    Julian’s Mandarin Course: Lesson 4

    It is going to be the end of the year and I have been receiving calls/messages from different people to who I own money, mostly due to building the country inn. It is not a successful investment. 

    Yesterday I also received a notice from three policemen visited my house, it was about the punishment of building a camping site on my own land. Yes it is my own land and it is not a building, I just cleared out the bushes and some small trees, to make it a place for children to play around in holidays, still, the government won’t allow it and said I broke the law. Can you believe it?

    The fine is ¥1248. I don’t know if this number means anything because every digit doubles the previous one. The three policemen showed their understanding to my project and behavior and decided not to punish me at first, but unfortunately their higher-rank officers saw my project and decided I should be punished anyway.

    I will have to pay the fine Monday, in a local bank. 

    Living in China does not make me happy, nobody is really happy in this corrupt system. 

    Lesson 【4

    Good evening, 晚上好. My English name is Julian Luo, and my Chinese name is 罗军 Luo Jun. If you have any questions about the lesson, please leave your comments below. I will be very glad to help.Today we are going to learn the sentence [4_You don’t like it], [你不喜欢它。]

    [4_You don’t like it], [你不喜欢它。]

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    Play the audio file above to listen to my lesson 3.

    Lesson 【3

    Hello, welcome to Julian's Mandarin Course. Today we continue with our basic Chinese lessons. Today we are going to learn the sentence [3_I AM AN AMERICAN], [我是一个美国人]

    [3_I AM AN AMERICAN], [我是一个美国人]

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    So my village is full of stories, I love my hometown. That’s one of the reasons I left the city I lived, and came back to live with the peasants. Many of the peasants grew up with me, but they didn’t receive high education as I did, they couldn’t leave the town. I was a teenager when I left this town for a boarding school in the city, when I returned, my head is full of gray hair.

    That’s a little bit of my background. Let’s come back to our inMountains Classroom.

    YESTERDAY

    Yesterday we learned the sentence [I love you.] 我爱你 wo Ai ni. I love 你ni, 我wo love you, You love me/ is /ni Ai wo. Note that the word Ai has a capitalized letter A, which means it is the accent.

    We also explained why we do not teach Chinese characters, why we only teach two tones instead of four tones. The reasons are simple, I believe you should skip those less essential stuff when your primary goal is to talk in Chinese. Without learning Chinese characters you can still talk to a Chinese person, with the wrong tones you can also communicate with a native Mandarin speaker, not perfectly but well enough.

    Today’s Sentence

    Today we are going to learn how to say [we want it.] These three words are very important in our daily lives, it is a very simple sentence with clear structure: the word we is the subject 主语 zhuyu, want is the predicate 谓语 weiyu, and object 宾语 binyu is /it/. Again, the most important word is want 要 yao, Every Chinese or English sentence has a predicate 谓语 weiyu.

    We want it. = 我们要它。women we/us, Yao want, ta it. We want it = women Yao ta. 我们 want it. We 要 it. We want 它。

    I want you. 我要你。You want me. 你要我。

    How do you say [It wants us. ]? 它要我们。ta Yao women. Remember that 我们 means we, and us. They are the same translation.

    Yesterday we learned the word 爱 which means to love. We also mentioned the word 喜欢 xiHuan, which means to like.

    We love it. = 我们很喜欢它 women hen xiHuan ta. In this case, love is not translated as 爱, instead we say 很喜欢 very much like. Remember that yesterday I said we do not use the word love as frequently as English speakers, we tend to say 喜欢 like, or very like 很喜欢.

    We love it / can also be translated as /我们爱它/ women Ai ta/, it depends on what we are talking about. If we love the experience, a game, a party, then we should say 很喜欢 hen xiHuan, if we love a small animal, a pet, then we say 爱 Ai. We 爱 the pet. We 爱 our dog. I 爱 the animal. My mom 爱 the little bird we rescued.

    我们 we/us

    Let’s talk about the word 我们 women, which means we/us. Remember how we say I/me? It is 我 wo. So they sound similar. Right, 我 means I/me, 我们 means we/us. So the word 们 refers to a plural form. 我 love our dog, 我们 all love our dog. 我 want the toy, 我们 both want the toy. 我爱 our home, 我们爱 our village.

    women is spelled as w-o-men, its sound is like warMen, note that the first syllable is low, while the second is higher, but not very high. In Chinese, when we talk about I, we, you, the tones are all low, humble, quiet, when we talk about he/she/it, the tones are higher as those people are not near so we can talk about them loudly, I guess.

    want 想要/要 Yao

    When we translate English verbs into Chinese, in many cases we have to choose from a number of options, however when we translate the word /want/, we have only one option – 想要/要. which saves our time. Here below are some of the examples how we use this word.

    • Mom, 我要 go out to play with friends. – Mom, I want to go out to play with friends.
    • Dad, 我要 icecream. – Dad, I want icecream.
    • Teacher, 我要go to the bathroom. – Teacher, I want to use the bathroom.
    • Julian, 你要 go to the beach? – Julian, do you want to go to the beach?
    • Boss, 我们要 buy a pair of pants. – Boss/shop owner, we want to buy a pair of pants.

    Other use of the word 要

    • Son, 你要 come back early. – Son, you need to come back early.
    • Mother, 我要 become a superstar. – Mother, my life goal is to become a superstar.
    ta 它 it

    As in English, the word 它 it/ta refers to non-human objects, which could be animals, plants, or just stuff.

    它们 tamen means a number of non-human objects.

    • 它 is a white dog. It is a white dog.
    • 它was rescued in the street by a girl. It was rescued…
    • I love 它。 I love it.
    • I want you to have 它. I want you to have it.
    • 它们 (tamen) are over a dozen cats living together in the village of Dapoling. They are over a dozen cats.
    • Please bring 它们 to me. Please bring them to me.
    GO THROUGH IT AGAIN
    • 我爱你 wo Ai ni. = I love you. 你爱我 ni Ai wo. = You love me.
    • 我们要它 women Yao ta. = We want it. 它要我们 ta Yao women. = It wants us.
    • 我喜欢你 wo xiHuan ni. = I like you. 你 like 我 = you like me.
    • 你love 它。= You love it. 它 love 你 = It loves you.
    Exercises of Today

    Try to make a few sentences using the Chinese words above, and post your sentence below in the form, I will check them for you.

    That’s all for today. It’s sunny outside, I am going to work in my craftsman studio to make something in the sun, with my dog White Fox. This is Julian, see you tomorrow.

    Lesson 【2

    Good day, this is Julian's Mandarin Course, I am Julian Luo. I am talking to you about learning Chinese language in a village which is where I was born, I grew up. The name of the village is called Dapoling, Da means Great, po means Slope, ling means mountain ridge, Dapoling means this is a place at the foot of a hill, you need to climb a great long slope, pass a mountain ridge, and find another village. Today we are going to learn the sentence [2_We want it], [我们要它]

    [2_We want it], [我们要它]

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    Hello, welcome to my Mandarin course. I am Julian Luo, I have been teaching Chinese online for some years now. I live in a town called Jinjing, in the middle part of China, I have a country inn of 18 rooms, the town is surrounded by mountains, lakes and tea plantations. So I hope at least you will like my classroom settings.

    It is December 5th, Thursday. This is Lesson 1, Let’s go.

    How to say [I love you]? /wo Ai ni/. wo is I, Ai is to love, ni is you. [You love me.] is ni Ai wo.

    I love you.

    What makes our course different

    I understand many foreigners just want to learn Chinese to make traveling or working easier, they do not need to be really fluent in both speaking and writing. So my lesson, my way of teaching is quite different from any other classes you may have heard of or already tried. I want to save your time, help you to be able to communicate in no time. My course is not for those who need to be certified.

    First of all, I do not teach tones because they are not that important as you may have heard again and again from other Mandarin learners or teachers.

    If you are new to this language, here are the basics: English has two tones, while Chinese has four tones. But it’s ok to make mistakes of tones, at least at the beginning.

    So you now understand why I will not teach you the four Chinese tones, when you read a Chinese word like 可爱, I write it as [ke Ai], it is just two different tones, the first word begins with k, while the second word Ai begins with the capitalized letter A, that means the 2nd word is the accent. But don’t think that every Chinese word has one and only one accent, no, it’s not like that. Some words consist of syllables of all accents, some are on the contrarary the neutral sound.

    Secondly, I am not going to teach you how to write Chinese characters, like this 中国. And I suggest you do not learn them in the future, it takes too much time and it does not worth it, unless you have to pass some exams, Nowadays nobody write Chinese characters anymore, you just type.

    Just learn to read, talk, so you will be able to have a meaningful conversation with a Chinese person, that’s enough.

    Chinese people come from different regions, we talk with various accents and dialects, that means most people’s tones, pronunciations are basically incorrect, compared with Mandarin, we are used to that, we are fine with that. You are a foreigner, we do not expect you speak Chinese with the right tones, we expect to understand you.

    OK, let’s begin with today’s lesson, you will find out more about our special way of teaching later.

    I am going to ask you to anylize the simple sentence [I love you.] 我爱你, and you will get used to the syntactic terms we are going to use, to reconstrct an English sentence with Chinese grammar rules. That means, before we build a Chinese sentence, we need to know what construction materials we have on hand, and how to label them properly.

    Question no.1, which word is the predicate in the sentence [I love you],

    Predicate? What do you mean predicate you may ask. OK, I understand native English speakers are unfamiliar with this kind of terms, that’s why we ask you these questions, they are important when you need to translate. We need to label each word.

    If you are from America, before we go to Homedepot to shop for construction materials, we need to know these terms: windows, doors, walls, floors, furniture, right? See, floor, roof and wall are the major elements of a house, there won’t be a house without them. Some words in a sentence play such roles. While doors and windows are not as essential. A house is still a house without windows, or even doors. adverbs, most adjectives are just like them, without them the meaning will change, but probably not that much.

    Furniture is even less important, just like these words: [the][is][and]…It’s fine without them, people will still understand you if you skip those words. So we need to train our brain to focus on those important words in a sentence.

    sunflower love

    A predicate is typically a verb, In our case [I love you], love is the predicate, it is like a collom holding the whole sentence structure, it is the same in both Chinese and English. Did you know that, actually every sentence has to have a predicate. In Chinese language, we call it Weiyu 谓语.

    In some other sentences, predicates are adjectives, for example, in this sentence [She is cute.], the adjective [cute] is the predicate, it is also the core of the whole sentence.

    OK, when we try to say something in Chinese language, we need to begin with finding the core word, which means the predicate of each sentence, after that, you will know where to put other words, ahead of it, or after it. We are talking about subjects, objects, etc.

    So [love] is the predicate in our example, it is pronunced as Eye 爱 in Chinese. Try to memorize the sound like this: To love, you need an eye. 🙂

    爱 love
    Question 2: which word is the subject in [i love you]?

    Even you are not familiar with these syntactic terms, you should be able to figure out that, I is the subject. 我 wo is the word in Chinese, it sounds like war with a low tone. So try to memorize this word this way: I am warm among Chinese.

    QUESTION 3: WHICH WORD IS THE OBJECT?

    Simple, [you] is the object of love. You are my goal of love.

    Not every sentence has an object though, especially when the predicate is an adjective, or sometimes a phrase. In this sentence, [The boy is so cute.], the word cute is the adjective, boy is the subject, there is no object.

    Sometimes when the predicate is a verb, there is no object either. For example, [He drives well.] we do not see an object.

    An object is sometimes a clause, and a clause often has its own object. For example, in this sentence [I love that my husband brings me flowers every week.] In this case the clause is [My husband brings me flowers every week.], this whole chunk of words is the object of the sentence, while the noun [flowers] is the object of the clause.

    If a sentence consists of a clause, then the whole sentence always needs to be taken apart and then reassembled. You will see some dramatic change.

    Question 4, 5, 6

    We will skip these three questions in this lesson because the sentence I gave you as an example is very simple. It has only three words, the verb predicate 爱, subject 我,and object 你。These three words are obviously very important in both cultures, so it is what we learn in Lesson 1.

    爱 means love/to love, ai 爱, its pinyin is [ai]. Wait a minute, what the hell is pinyin? Let me explain. pin means spelling, yin means sound, so pinyin tells you how to make sound of a Chinese word. Pinyin uses letters, instead of Chinese characters, its original use was to help us how to pronounce. Nowadays its primary use is to connect us with the digital world through keyboard. Most Chinese type pinyin on the keyboard, and Chinese characters will show up on screen. 爱 means to love/love, its pinyin is Ai.

    我 means I, or me. Its pinyin is wo, its sound is like war but with a low tone. So even the sound of I is like war, remember its tone needs to be low, to be humble. Also pay attention that the word 我 means I and me. So when you want to say [I LOVE ME.] you say wo Ai wo 我爱我.

    你 means you. Its pinyin is ni, which sound like part of our legs. 你 means you.

    So, how to say / You love me? The answer is ni Ai wo.

    love bird

    EXERCISES OF TODAY

    1. If [like] is [xiHuan] 喜欢,how do you say [you like me.]?
    2. If (not) is Bu 不, how do you say (I don’t love you.)?
    AGAIN
    • I love you.  wo Ai ni.  war Eye nee. = 我爱你。
    • You love me.  ni Ai wo  nee Eye war = 你爱我。
    • Again, in Julian’s Mandarin Course, we are not going to teach you four tones, because you only need to know the high tones and low tones, and people will understand you, and it does not affect your ability of typing Chinese words on computer or phones.
    • Again, to avoid confusion in the future, I am not going to teach you Chinese characters either, you just need to try to memorize some of them to help you read. It does not affect your ability of communications.
    CULTURAL AND STORIES

    Love is not something we say a lot in China. When you are here, try to use the word like more often. People like of my parents’ generations or older have never said this word in their lives, even to their children, including their grandchildren. The word like xiHuan 喜欢 is a lot more popular.

    That’s all for today’s lesson. We learned a few important words I love you, wo Ai ni. You love me, ni Ai wo. I like you, wo xiHuan ni, you like me, ni xiHuan wo.

    Thank you for listening to me and for your twelve minutes. I hope you come back again next time. My name is Julian Luo, you can find my page on Facebook, Julian’s Mandarin Course. See you next time.

    Lesson 【1

    Today we are going to learn the sentence [1_I love you], [我爱你]

    [1_I love you], [我爱你]

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    Learn Chinese grammar in a different way, try to read the English written in Chinese grammar .

    hello, police officer. (meaning)

    we just now in the mountains were robbed. (meaning)

    oh? were what kind of persons? (meaning)

    how many persons? (meaning)

    come over here register (meaning)

    there were three persons. (meaning)

    all are male. (meaning)

    about twenty more years old. (meaning)

    they have what characters? (meaning)

    still remember ma? (meaning)

    one of them is bald. (meaning)

    one of them wears black hat. (meaning)

    all very thin. (meaning)

    you were robbed of what? (meaning)

    our phones and wallets. (meaning)

    and a necklace. (meaning)

    passport havn't been robbed ma? (meaning)

    no (meaning)

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    Learn Chinese grammar in a different way, try to read the English written in Chinese grammar .

    Boss, please ask, this cloth how much money? (meaning)

    that one 99 (meaning)

    this one a little small (meaning)

    wait a minute. (meaning)

    I for you bring an extra large one. (meaning)

    ok, thank you. (meaning)

    you have a try. (meaning)

    still a little tense. (meaning)

    My here not have larger le. (meaning)

    one hundred sixty Yuan money (meaning)

    I buy two, ok not ok? (meaning)

    no way. too little. (meaning)

    I do like this style. (meaning)

    What a shame. Thanks. (meaning)

    don't go dont go. 180 then, give you two. (meaning)

    160 OK la. (meaning)

    I in China lived quite a few years. (meaning)

    know price de. (meaning)

    ok ok, I for you pack well. (meaning)

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    Learn Chinese grammar in a different way, try to read the English written in Chinese grammar .

    Police officer comrade, our one passport and purse together were robbed away. (meaning)

    They have not have hurt you? (meaning)

    That actually havn't. (meaning)

    But they with a knife pointed at us. (meaning)

    Then those guys all were male? (meaning)

    Right, all were young. (meaning)

    Exactly were what place? (meaning)

    How many o'clock? (meaning)

    Just at our hotel besides a street. (meaning)

    At the time was dawn one and half o'Clock, more or less. (meaning)

    That late? (meaning)

    No wonder would meet robners. (meaning)

    We next time will careful. (meaning)

    Thought Shanghai would very safe. (meaning)

    Very sorry took place this things. (meaning)

    But dawn one and half indeed not safe. (meaning)

    We will try out best help you get back robbed passport and purse. (meaning)

    Please leave contact method. (meaning)

    Then we together go o site take a look. (meaning)

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    Lesson 【

    Today we are going to learn the sentence [I love you], []

    [I love you], []

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    Learn Chinese grammar in a different way, try to read the English written in Chinese grammar .

    Our family has a dog. (meaning)

    she is called White Fox. (meaning)

    White Fox is two year half. (meaning)

    2019 year we adopted her. (meaning)

    China nowadays have many stray cats, stray dogs, (meaning)

    but we do not have a law regulate people petting behavors. (meaning)

    stray cats and dogs caused many social problems. (meaning)

    in China's expats in this respect have done great demonstrations, (meaning)

    they actively protect these small animals, (meaning)

    giving Chinese citizens constant lessons, (meaning)

    telling Chinese societies, (meaning)

    disadvantaged groups need protection. (meaning)

    small animals also are disadvantaged groups, (meaning)

    their problems are human caused, (meaning)

    everybody has the liabilities to take consequences (meaning)

    find solutions (meaning)

    hope near future, (meaning)

    Chinese government release a related law, (meaning)

    ban pet breeding center's operation, (meaning)

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