inMountains Mandarin Course, 山水中文课。大家好,hello everybody, 这是第2课。This is Lesson 2.

How are you? Have you been traveling lately? Do you have any plan to travel to China? Well, let's learn some phrases this week. Welcome to inMountains Mandarin Course. Julian Luo Let's learn how to say this sentence in Chinese (2. Excuse me, where is the bathroom?) . This is Lesson 2, today is 11-27-20, Friday, my name is Julian Luo, recording this lesson in China Changsha.


Step One: Grammar

The first question. Is there
----------
a title (sir/madam/Mr./Dr./Professor...), or phrases like
[please/if I may...]?
----------
in the sentence [2. Excuse me, where is the bathroom?]? They need to be said first in Chinese.
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Yes | No


How are you? Have you been traveling lately? Do you have any plan to travel to China? Well, let's learn some phrases this week.

2. Excuse me, where is the bathroom?

pinyin:[BaoQian, Weishengjian Zai nali?]?
sound:(BowChain, Wayshung jee-an Dsai narli?)?

抱歉,卫生间在哪里?


Please close your eyes, see if you can memorize it.
bird

If you want to learn how to write the characters, just practice them using your finger, on your palm, always write from left to write, from top to bottom, from outside to inside.


Step Two: New Words

Excuse me抱歉BaoQian

BowChainnext

the bathroom 卫生间 Weisheng jian[hygiene room]

Wayshung jee-an next


Close your eyes, see if you can remember the characters, and the pinyin. If you find the sounds still difficult to pronounce, please let us know using the comment box on our site.
In 99% cases, special question words need to be relocated in between the subject and the verbs.
Dsai 在 is a very frequenly used word, its sound is like part of this word [bir_ds]. Try to say ds_bir. Can you get that?

Many mandarin learners forget to relocate the special question word [where], keep that on mind. Where is an adverbial modifier, it is similar with a location like [in my office].

Weishengjian 卫生间 is a nice way of saying bathroom, while Cesuo 厕所 is more common expression.

一般现在时

Note that the question Word ( where nali 哪里 narli ) is object in this sentence.

When you travel in China, especially when you are far from your hotel or a nice shopping area, the bathroom can be a big challenge because most of the toilets are designed for Chinese tourists. Most of them are just holes on the floor and western senior tourists would not be able to use it. So remember these important words today.

Exercises

Q: What role does the word [is] play in the sentence?(find out)
Q: Do we say [Excuse me, where is the bathroom?] or [Where is the bathroom, excuse me?] Which is correct?(find out)
mom Zai nali? (translate)
You know wo Zai nali ma? (translate)
Ahead has a Weishengjian ma? (translate)
Sentence: Can you tell me where the bathroom is?(translate)

3048_Exercises

Q: What role does the word [is] play in the sentence?(find out)
Q: Do we say [Excuse me, where is the bathroom?] or [Where is the bathroom, excuse me?] Which is correct?(find out)


Lesson 3048: 1. I don’t know why.

我不知道为什么

pinyin: wo Bu zhiDao Wei shenme.
war Boo dsirDow Way shunmuh.
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Click here】 to take another look at the sentence and words we learned today.

Learning Advices 汉语学习建议

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Step Four: Read

A few days ago, I watched a video clip on Youtube. ...(translate)
It was about a patient in Hubei Province. ...(translate)
She looked like a woman. ...(translate)
Probably because she was infected, ...(translate)
she was ordered to stay at home for self-quarantine. ...(translate)
For some unknown reason, ...(translate)
she decided to escape from the window, ...(translate)
the woman had lost her mind, more or less, ...(translate)
because people could see her butt, ...(translate)
she would not listen to others watching her in the ground, ...(translate)
with her two hands holding the curtain, ...(translate)
she wanted to climb down from the height of 3-4 floors. ...(translate)
But suddently the curtain broke, ...(translate)
the sick person hit the AC box on the wall downstairs, ...(translate)
and fell to the ground of snow. ...(translate)
There were a few men watching in the ground of yard, ...(translate)
but nobody dare to check on her, ...(translate)
they all said she must be dead. ...(translate)
Just like that, this sick person died in the snow, ...(translate)

Again, close your eyes, at least try to remember the pinyin.

Question: Do you translate [don't ] [not] differently? (Answer: No, there is no difference. Both = Boo.)

Question: In Chinese, can you say [I don't know.] without an object? (Answer: Yes.)

Question: Do you translate [I] [me] differently? (Answer: No difference.)

Question: Can we also put [Why] at the beginning of a question in Chinese? (Answer: Yes we can. For instance, [Why you didn't come for help?] (Chinglish))