inMountains Mandarin Course, 山水中文课。大家好,hello everybody, 这是第10课。This is Lesson 10. Let's learn a few words before we get started.

【run】...in Chinese
【fast】...in Chinese
【】...in Chinese

Today we are going to learn something called compliment in English, while in Chinese it is called 补语. What is a compliment? Well, basically it does not exist in English, only in Chinese, a compliment modifiers the verb/adjective, which in Chinese we say predicate. Most of the time, such adverbial modifiers are located ahead of the predicate(verbs and adjectives), but sometimes such modifiers are to be emphasized, so we put them after the predicate, instead of ahead. Since we changed its normal position, from the front to the back, we add a word [de] to make it viable.In this sentence above [he runs so fast.], in Chinese it would remain the same structure and word sequence, which means [so fast] get to stay behind, and we need to add a word [de] in between run and so.Welcome to inMountains Mandarin Course. Julian Luo Let's learn how to say this sentence in Chinese (10_He ran so fast!) . This is Lesson 10, today is 11-27-20, Friday, my name is Julian Luo, recording this lesson in China Changsha.


Step One: Grammar

The first question. Is there
----------
a title (sir/madam/Mr./Dr./Professor...), or phrases like
[please/if I may...]?
----------
in the sentence [10_He ran so fast!]? They need to be said first in Chinese.
* Note that only when your page is fully loaded, then click the link below, otherwise it won't act. Thank you.

Yes | No


Today we are going to learn something called compliment in English, while in Chinese it is called 补语. What is a compliment? Well, basically it does not exist in English, only in Chinese, a compliment modifiers the verb/adjective, which in Chinese we say predicate. Most of the time, such adverbial modifiers are located ahead of the predicate(verbs and adjectives), but sometimes such modifiers are to be emphasized, so we put them after the predicate, instead of ahead. Since we changed its normal position, from the front to the back, we add a word [de] to make it viable.In this sentence above [he runs so fast.], in Chinese it would remain the same structure and word sequence, which means [so fast] get to stay behind, and we need to add a word [de] in between run and so.

10_He ran so fast!

pinyin:[ta pao de haoKuai]?
sound:(tar powd how Koo-ai.)?

他跑得好快


Please close your eyes, see if you can memorize it.
bird

If you want to learn how to write the characters, just practice them using your finger, on your palm, always write from left to write, from top to bottom, from outside to inside.


Step Two: New Words

I 他 wo

war next


Close your eyes, see if you can remember the characters, and the pinyin. If you find the sounds still difficult to pronounce, please let us know using the comment box on our site.

过去时

【about_word_de】 notedde/得 indicates a compliment behind it. What is a compliment in Chinese? It is a special modifing phrase for the main verb or adjective of the sentence. In most cases, such modifiers are ahead of the verbs and adjectives, sometimes we feel like to emphasize them, and we put them behind of verbs/adjectives, and add a word de/得 between the verb/adjective and their modifiers. |

方方Fangfang 日记 Diary 片段 clips

This is for you to be familiar with the grammar of Mandarin.

今天today 邻居 neighbor 唐小禾 xiaohe Tang 老师 Teacher 发了shared 一组 a set of 东湖的 East Lake’s 照片 photos,

像是looks like 无人机 drone 所拍 taken,

说是says 近日的 rencent。

空旷empty 而 and 寂静 silent 的 东湖 East Lake,

梅花 Plum blossom 盛开blooming,

红red 白 white 相间 in between,

真是really 美beautiful 得[de] 不得了 out of words。

转forwarded 给to 同事co-workers,

同事colleges 说say,

看着looking…看着looking…好so much 想want 哭to cry。

Exercises

Q: She is so beautiful.(find out)
Q: He is so good looking.(find out)
Q: The girl speaks Chinese so well.(find out)
Q: China is so beatiful.(find out)
Chinese not have tense. (translate)
We studied long time English. (translate)
You run that long, not tired ma? (translate)
Sentence: He is so handsome.(translate)
Sentence: She is so goodlooking.(translate)

1976_Exercises

Q: She is so beautiful.(find out)
Q: He is so good looking.(find out)
Q: The girl speaks Chinese so well.(find out)
Q: China is so beatiful.(find out)


2188_Exercises

Q: She is so beautiful.(find out)
Q: He is so good looking.(find out)
Q: The girl speaks Chinese so well.(find out)
Q: China is so beatiful.(find out)


Lesson 1976: 8_We want it

我们要它

pinyin: women Yao ta.
warmen Yau tar.
--
Lesson 2188: 9_We have no money

我们没有钱

pinyin: women meiyou qian.
warmen mayyo chain.
--

Click here】 to take another look at the sentence and words we learned today.

Learning Advices 汉语学习建议

animal Whenever I do some labor work: gardening, cooking, cleaning, laundry, I would always listen to a book, or something inspiring. You can do that too, it will improve your learning Mandarin efficiency.


In this lesson we learned these words:

【run】...in Chinese
【fast】...in Chinese
【】...in Chinese

昨天 yesterday 我们学习了几个词 we learned a few new words.
  1. money (钱) (qian/chain).
  2. we (我们) (women/warmen).
  3. 1 (没有) (meiyou/may yo).

Question: How to say [We don't have money] in Chinese? (Answer: women mei you qian. 我们没钱。= we have no money. The same.)

Question: How to say [Why don't you have money?]? (Answer: You why not have money? / ni Weishenme meiyou qian? = Weishenme ni meiyou qian?)

Question: What does [qian] means? (Answer: qian = 钱 = money)

Question: Do have/has/had have different translation in Chinese? (Answer: No, they share the same word in Chinese, which is [you 有]. In addition, had is also translated as you 有. )

Question: Do [have no] and [don't have] share the same translation in Chinese? (Answer: Yes they do.)

前天 the day before yesterday.
  1. 我们 women () (/warmen).
  2. 要 () (/Yau).

Question: Do you want it? (Answer: you want it ma? = 你 you 想要 want 吗?[ni xiangYao ma?])

Question: I want it very much. (Answer: 我[wo] I 非常[feichang] very much 想[xiang]want 要 [Yao]want 它[ta] it。)