inMountains Mandarin Course, 山水中文课。大家好，hello everybody, 这是第4课。This is Lesson 4.
Are you in love? ni Zai LianAi zhong ma? Have you ever been in love? ni Lian Ai Guo ma? Welcome to inMountains Mandarin Course. Let's learn how to say this sentence in Chinese (4. I love you) . This is Lesson 4, today is 08-02-21, Monday, my name is Julian Luo, recording this lesson in China Changsha.
Step One: Grammar
The first question. Is there ----------
a title (sir/madam/Mr./Dr./Professor...), or phrases like [please/if I may...]?
---------- in the sentence [4. I love you]? They need to be said first in Chinese. * Note that only when your page is fully loaded, then click the link below, otherwise it won't act. Thank you.
Clause is a [short] sentence, which plays a role in the main sentence. For example, [I met a man who was my friend many years ago.], in this sentence [who was my friend many years ago] is the objective modifier, modifying the object [man].
Are there any words indicating a ----------
Time, conditions, purposes, reasons, locations... (why?)
---------- in [4. I love you]?(such as: this afternoon/next week/over here/because/if/when...) They also need to be said first.
Time/locations/purposes/reasons/conditions are also normally said first, before the subject. So take a look.
Every sentence has a predicate, which of the following is the correct expression?(what?)
Predicates are typically verbs, sometimes adjectives. In this sentence [I love you.], love is the predicate, another sentence [What time did you leave?], leave is the predicate. [The child is so cute.], cute is the predicate, so is an adverbial modifier, in Chinese, we call it Zhuangyu.
Is there any words that should transform into a compliment in [4. I love you]? (what?)
Sometimes we want to emphasize something in a sentencee, and we locate them in an unusual position to achieve. Compliments are a type of adverbial modifier, which stays at the end of a sentence, instead of between the subject and predicates.
Close your eyes, see if you can remember the characters, and the pinyin. If you find the sounds still difficult to pronounce, please let us know using the comment box on our site.
xihuan 喜欢 = like;
Even kids are not used to say [I love you] in China. We are a lot more reserved than the westerners. We rarely say [I like you] too.
OK, when we try to say something in Chinese language, we need to begin with finding the core word, which means the predicate of each sentence, after that, you will know where to put other words, ahead of it, or after it. We are talking about subjects, objects, etc.
So [love] is the predicate in our example, it is pronunced as Eye 爱 in Chinese. Try to memorize the sound like this: To love, you need an eye. 🙂
Question 2: which word is the subject in [i love you]?
Even you are not familiar with these syntactic terms, you should be able to figure out that, I is the subject. 我 wo is the word in Chinese, it sounds like war with a low tone. So try to memorize this word this way: I am warm among Chinese.
QUESTION 3: WHICH WORD IS THE OBJECT?
Simple, [you] is the object of love. You are my goal of love.
Not every sentence has an object though, especially when the predicate is an adjective, or sometimes a phrase. In this sentence, [The boy is so cute.], the word cute is the adjective, boy is the subject, there is no object.
Sometimes when the predicate is a verb, there is no object either. For example, [He drives well.] we do not see an object.
An object is sometimes a clause, and a clause often has its own object. For example, in this sentence [I love that my husband brings me flowers every week.] In this case the clause is [My husband brings me flowers every week.], this whole chunk of words is the object of the sentence, while the noun [flowers] is the object of the clause.
If a sentence consists of a clause, then the whole sentence always needs to be taken apart and then reassembled. You will see some dramatic change.
Question 4, 5, 6
We will skip these three questions in this lesson because the sentence I gave you as an example is very simple. It has only three words, the verb predicate 爱, subject 我，and object 你。These three words are obviously very important in both cultures, so it is what we learn in Lesson 1.
爱 means love/to love, ai 爱, its pinyin is [ai]. Wait a minute, what the hell is pinyin? Let me explain. pin means spelling, yin means sound, so pinyin tells you how to make sound of a Chinese word. Pinyin uses letters, instead of Chinese characters, its original use was to help us how to pronounce. Nowadays its primary use is to connect us with the digital world through keyboard. Most Chinese type pinyin on the keyboard, and Chinese characters will show up on screen. 爱 means to love/love, its pinyin is Ai.
我 means I, or me. Its pinyin is wo, its sound is like war but with a low tone. So even the sound of I is like war, remember its tone needs to be low, to be humble. Also pay attention that the word 我 means I and me. So when you want to say [I LOVE ME.] you say wo Ai wo 我爱我.
你 means you. Its pinyin is ni, which sound like part of our legs. 你 means you.
So, how to say / You love me? The answer is ni Ai wo.
EXERCISES OF TODAY
If [like] is [xiHuan] 喜欢，how do you say [you like me.]?
If (not) is Bu 不, how do you say (I don’t love you.)?
I love you. wo Ai ni. war Eye nee. = 我爱你。
You love me. ni Ai wo nee Eye war = 你爱我。
Again, in Julian’s Mandarin Course, we are not going to teach you four tones, because you only need to know the high tones and low tones, and people will understand you, and it does not affect your ability of typing Chinese words on computer or phones.
Again, to avoid confusion in the future, I am not going to teach you Chinese characters either, you just need to try to memorize some of them to help you read. It does not affect your ability of communications.
CULTURAL AND STORIES
Love is not something we say a lot in China. When you are here, try to use the word like more often. People like of my parents’ generations or older have never said this word in their lives, even to their children, including their grandchildren. The word like xiHuan 喜欢 is a lot more popular.
That’s all for today’s lesson. We learned a few important wordsI love you, wo Ai ni. You love me, ni Ai wo. I like you, wo xiHuan ni, you like me, ni xiHuan wo.
【Click here】 to take another look at the sentence and words we learned today.
Learning Advices 汉语学习建议
If you are from America, before we go to Homedepot to shop for construction materials, we need to know these terms: windows, doors, walls, floors, furniture, right? See, floor, roof and wall are the major elements of a house, there won't be a house without them. Some words in a sentence play such roles. While doors and windows are not as essential. A house is still a house without windows, or even doors. adverbs, most adjectives are just like them, without them the meaning will change, but probably not that much. Furniture is even less important, just like these words: [the][is][and]...It's fine without them, people will still understand you if you skip those words. So we need to train our brain to focus on those important words in a sentence.
Question: Why can't we just say [Thank you very much]? Why do we have to say [Very much thank you]? (Answer: That's because [very much] is an adverbial modifier, all adverbial modifiers are ahead of their modifying objects, in this case, it is the verb [Thank].)
Question: [Feichang Xiexie ni.] is this a correct sentence? (Answer: No. We either say [Xiexie ni.] or [Feichang ganXie.])
Question: Can we say [wo xiHuan ta feichang.]? [I like it very much.] (Answer: No, you always put feichang, an adverb, ahead of the verb, you say [I very much like it.])
Question: In these two sentences [You like it.] [I like you.] Do we use the same word for [you]? One of a subject, the other is an object. (Answer: Yes they have the same translation, which is [you].)
Question: If you need to add a proper subject to this sentence, which word should it be? (Answer: [I] thank you very much. )
Question: What role does the word [is] play in the sentence? (Answer: [is] is used as a verb, a predicate in Chinese.)
Question: Do we say [Excuse me, where is the bathroom?] or [Where is the bathroom, excuse me?] Which is correct? (Answer: The first is correct. [Excuse me] is said first.)
What is your name?
How old are you?(you may just type "adult" if you prefer not to tell.)