wo Ai ZheGe Difang. = war Eye DserGher Deefung. (translate)
: I love this place. --
wo Ai wode mami. = war Eye ward mummy. (translate)
: I love my mommy. --
Step Four: Read
We have a dog in our family. ...(translate)
_ 我们家our family 有一条狗has a dog，/warmen jar you Yee tee-au go. women jia you yitiao gou. Her name is White Fox. ...(translate)
_ 它叫It is called 白狐 white fox。/tar Jau baihoo. Note that we normally say ...is called...instead of...name is, while in English, it is the opposite. ta Jiao bai hu. White Fox is two and half years old. ...(translate)
_ 白狐White Fox 有 has 两岁 two years 半 half 了 -ed。/baihoo yo lee-ung_soo-ay Ban le. Note that we say two year half, instead of two and half years old. Ten year half = 10.5 years old. bai hu you liang Sui Ban le. We adopted her in 2019 ...(translate)
_ 2019年 year 我们 we 收养了 adopted 她her。/2019 year is a time, and time phrases are always ahead of the verbs, most of time it is ahead of the subject. In this case the verb is to adopt. er ling yi jiu nian women shouyang le ta. There are many stray dogs, cats in China nowadays. ...(translate)
_ 中国China 现在 nowadays 有 has 很多 many 流浪猫stray cats、流浪狗stray dogs，/You may say China nowadays have, or Nowadays China have...both correct. Nowadays is a time. zhongguo XianZai you henduo liuLang mao, liuLang gou. But we do not have a law to regulate petting. ...(translate)
_ 但是but 我们we 没有not have 一部 a 法律 law 来 to 规范retulate 人们 people 养raise 宠物 pet 的's 行为behavior，/[lai] means to come, which is a verb, but in this sentence it means [in order to/for the purpose of]. The word [de] indicates an objective modifier ahead of [de], which is [people petting].] DanShi women meiyou yiBu faLv lai guiFan renmen yang chongWu de xingwei. stray animals are causing many social problems. ...(translate)
_ 流浪stray 猫cats 狗dogs 造成了caused 很多many 社会 social 问题problems。/caused = cause [le]. Pay attention to this word [le], very important. It indicates a past tense, or perfect tense. It is always behind the predicate, a verb, or an adjective. liuLang maogou Zaocheng le henduo SheHui Wenti. Expats in China have demonstrated in this respect how to well behave. ...(translate)
_ 在in 华 China 的's 外国人 foreigners 在这方面 in this respect 做出了 have done 很大的 great 示范 demonstrative 作用effects，/ Zaihua de Waiguoren Zai Zhefangmian Zuochule henDa de ShiFan ZuoYong. They actively protect these small animals. ...(translate)
_ 他们they 积极actively 保护protect 这些these 小small 动物animals，/ tamen jiji baoHu ZheXie xiaoDongWu. and lecturing Chinese citizens. ...(translate)
_ 给to 中国Chinese 公民citizen 不断constantly 上give 课lectures，/ gei zhongguo gongmin buDuan ShangKe. telling Chinese societies, ...(translate)
_ 告诉telling 中国 Chinese 社会societies，/telling Chinese societies, GaoSu zhongguo SheHui. the disadvantaged groups need protection. ...(translate)
_ 弱势disadvantaged 群体 groups 需要 need 保护 protection，/disadvantaged groups need protection. RuoShi qunti xuYao baoHu, Small animals are also disadvantaged groups. ...(translate)
_ 小动物small animals 也 also 是 is 弱势disadvantaged 群体 groups，/ xiao DongWu ye Shi RuoShi qunti. Their problems are caused by humans. ...(translate)
_ 它们的their 问题problems 是 are 人类human 造成 cause 的de，/their problems are human caused, tamende Wenti Shi renLei ZaoCheng de. Everybody is responsible for taking the consequences, ...(translate)
_ 大家everybody 都all 有 has 责任responsibilities 去 to 承担 take 后果consequences，/ Dajia dou you zeRen Qu chengdan Houguo. finding solutions. ...(translate)
_ 寻找find 解决 solve 方案 plans。/ xunzhao jiejue fangAn. I hope in the near future, ...(translate)
_ 希望hope 不久的 near 将来 future，/ xiWang Bujiu de jianglai. Chinese government will release a law, ...(translate)
_ 中国Chinese 政府government 出台 release 一部 a 相关 relative 法律 law，/ zhongguo Zhengfu chutai yiBu xiangguan faLv, banning the business of pet breeding centers. ...(translate)
_ 禁止ban 宠物 pet 繁殖场breeding farm 的's 经营operation。/ Jinzhi chongWu fanzhichang de jinying. Again, close your eyes, at least try to remember the pinyin.
Even kids are not used to say [I love you] in China. We are a lot more reserved than the westerners. We rarely say [I like you] too.
OK, when we try to say something in Chinese language, we need to begin with finding the core word, which means the predicate of each sentence, after that, you will know where to put other words, ahead of it, or after it. We are talking about subjects, objects, etc.
So [love] is the predicate in our example, it is pronunced as Eye 爱 in Chinese. Try to memorize the sound like this: To love, you need an eye. 🙂
Question 2: which word is the subject in [i love you]?
Even you are not familiar with these syntactic terms, you should be able to figure out that, I is the subject. 我 wo is the word in Chinese, it sounds like war with a low tone. So try to memorize this word this way: I am warm among Chinese.
QUESTION 3: WHICH WORD IS THE OBJECT?
Simple, [you] is the object of love. You are my goal of love.
Not every sentence has an object though, especially when the predicate is an adjective, or sometimes a phrase. In this sentence, [The boy is so cute.], the word cute is the adjective, boy is the subject, there is no object.
Sometimes when the predicate is a verb, there is no object either. For example, [He drives well.] we do not see an object.
An object is sometimes a clause, and a clause often has its own object. For example, in this sentence [I love that my husband brings me flowers every week.] In this case the clause is [My husband brings me flowers every week.], this whole chunk of words is the object of the sentence, while the noun [flowers] is the object of the clause.
If a sentence consists of a clause, then the whole sentence always needs to be taken apart and then reassembled. You will see some dramatic change.
Question 4, 5, 6
We will skip these three questions in this lesson because the sentence I gave you as an example is very simple. It has only three words, the verb predicate 爱, subject 我，and object 你。These three words are obviously very important in both cultures, so it is what we learn in Lesson 1.
爱 means love/to love, ai 爱, its pinyin is [ai]. Wait a minute, what the hell is pinyin? Let me explain. pin means spelling, yin means sound, so pinyin tells you how to make sound of a Chinese word. Pinyin uses letters, instead of Chinese characters, its original use was to help us how to pronounce. Nowadays its primary use is to connect us with the digital world through keyboard. Most Chinese type pinyin on the keyboard, and Chinese characters will show up on screen. 爱 means to love/love, its pinyin is Ai.
我 means I, or me. Its pinyin is wo, its sound is like war but with a low tone. So even the sound of I is like war, remember its tone needs to be low, to be humble. Also pay attention that the word 我 means I and me. So when you want to say [I LOVE ME.] you say wo Ai wo 我爱我.
你 means you. Its pinyin is ni, which sound like part of our legs. 你 means you.
So, how to say / You love me? The answer is ni Ai wo.
EXERCISES OF TODAY
If [like] is [xiHuan] 喜欢，how do you say [you like me.]?
If (not) is Bu 不, how do you say (I don’t love you.)?
I love you. wo Ai ni. war Eye nee. = 我爱你。
You love me. ni Ai wo nee Eye war = 你爱我。
Again, in Julian’s Mandarin Course, we are not going to teach you four tones, because you only need to know the high tones and low tones, and people will understand you, and it does not affect your ability of typing Chinese words on computer or phones.
Again, to avoid confusion in the future, I am not going to teach you Chinese characters either, you just need to try to memorize some of them to help you read. It does not affect your ability of communications.
CULTURAL AND STORIES
Love is not something we say a lot in China. When you are here, try to use the word like more often. People like of my parents’ generations or older have never said this word in their lives, even to their children, including their grandchildren. The word like xiHuan 喜欢 is a lot more popular.
That’s all for today’s lesson. We learned a few important wordsI love you, wo Ai ni. You love me, ni Ai wo. I like you, wo xiHuan ni, you like me, ni xiHuan wo.
Q: What does [bu Ai] means?(find out)
_ don't love. --
Q: What does [wo xiHuan ni] means?(find out)
_ I like you. --
Q: What does [ni Ai wo] means?(find out)
_ you love me. --
Q: How do you say [do you love me]?(find out)
_ ni Ai wo ma? [you love me ma?] --
What is your name?
How old are you?(you may just type "adult" if you prefer not to tell.)