Audio

16 Chinese love water melon

Lesson 16. Today let’s talk about water melon, the fruit we love. We are going to learn some simple words about trading. Below in the two brackets, the first pair of embraces pinyin, which is the official spelling sound of Chinese, the second pair embraces the inMountains version spelling sound, which is only used on this website.

Sentence 1: The total output of water melon word-wide is 117 million Tons.

  • 2016年,in 2016 【Zai Er ling Yi Liu nian】 【Dsai Er ling Yee Leo nee-an】 always say a time first.
  • 世界world 【Shi Jie】 【Shir Jay】 this is a subjective modifier 1
  • 西瓜water melon 【xi gua】 【shee goo-ar】 subjective modifier 2
  • 总 total 产量 output 【zong chan Liang】subject 【dsong tsan Lee-ung】 in this sentence, the predicate verb [is] is omitted, which is common in Chinese language.
  • 1.17亿 117 million 【Yi dian Yi qi Yi】 【yee deean yee chee Yee】 In Chinese language, we count numbers differently. In English you write a number like this: 1,000,000,000. while we write like this: 10,0000,0000. 10000 = 1 Wan, instead 10 thousand. 1,0000,0000 = 1Yi.
  • 吨tons, 【dun】 【doo-en】

Sentence 2: China’s produce of water melon is 80 million Tons, which is 68.4% of the global total output.

  • 中国China 【zhong guo】 【dsong goo-or】
  • 产量 produce/output 【chan Liang】 【tsan Leeung】
  • 近 nearly 【Jin】 【Jeen】
  • 8000万80million 【ba qian Wan】 【bar chain Wan】
  • 吨tons, 【dun】 【dooen】
  • 占takes up 【Zhan】 【Dsan】
  • 世界 world 【Shi Jie】 【Shir Jay】
  • 总产量 total output 【zong chan Liang】 【dsong tsan Lee-ung】
  • 的’s 【de】【d】
  • 68.4%。 【bai fen zhi Liu shi ba dian Si】 【bye fends Leosh bar dee-an Sir】 % = 百分之 bai fen zhi. 68 = Liu shi ba; 8.4 = ba dian Si.

Due to the short shelf life of water melon, the export amount of same period is not even 0.1%.

  • 由于due to 【you yu】 【yo yew】
  • 西瓜 water melon 【xi gua】 【shee gooar】
  • 保存期 shelf period 【bao cun qi】 【bowtsooen chee】
  • 短 short 【duan】 【dooan】
  • 等etc. 【 deng 】【】
  • 原因 reasons, 【yuan yin】 【yew-an yin】
  • 同 一same 【tong yi】 【tongYee】
  • 时期 period 的 【shi qi de】 【shircheed】
  • 出口量 export 【chu kou Liang】 【tsoo kow Leeung】
  • 不 not 到 reaching 【bu Dao】 【boo Dow】
  • 0.1%。 【bai fen zhi ling dian Yi】 【bye fends ling deean yee】 %= bai fen zhi

Which means, the Chinese people which is 20% of the world population, grow 70% of world’s water melon all by themselves, and ate them all.

  • 也就是说 which means, 【ye Jiu Shi shuo】 【yeah Jeo Shir shoo-or】
  • 占taking up 【Zhan】 【Dsan】
  • 世界 world 【Shi Jie】 【Shir Jay】
  • 人口 pupulation 【ren kou 】【ren kow】
  • 20%的 【bai fen zhi Er shi de】 【bye fends Ersh d】
  • 中国人Chinese people, 【zhong guo ren】 【Dsong goo-or ren】
  • 凭借relying on 【ping Jie】 【ping Jay】
  • 一己之力 their own effot 【Yi ji zhi Li】 【Yee jee dsir Lee】
  • 种出了grow 【Zhong chu le】 【Dsong tsoo le】
  • 近 nearly 【Jin】【Jeen】
  • 70%的 【bai fen zhi qi shi de】 【bai fends Cheesh d】
  • 西瓜 water melon, 【xi gua】 【shee goo-ar】
  • 又then 【You】 【Yo】
  • 独自by themselves 【du Zi】 【dooDs】
  • 吃光了 ate all 【chi guang le】 【tsir goo-ung le】
  • 它们 them。 【ta men】 【tar men】

If we calculate based on the average weight of one water melon, which is 10Jin(half kilo), Chinese people eat 16 billion water melons every year.

  • 按 assuming 【An】 【】
  • 一个 one 【yi Ge】 【yeeGher】
  • 西瓜 water melon 【xi gua】 【shee goo-ar】
  • 10斤(5 kilo) 【shi jin】 【shir Jeen】
  • 来算 counting, 【lai Suan】 【lai Soo-an】
  • 中国人Chinese people 【zhong guo ren】 【dsong goo-or ren】
  • 每 each 年 year 【mei nian】 【may nee-an】
  • 要 would 【Yao】 【Yao】
  • 吃掉 ate 【chi Diao】 【tsir Dee-au】
  • 160亿(16billion)【yi bai Liu shi Yi】【yee bai Leosh Yee】
  • 个 pieces 【Ge】 【Gher】
  • 西瓜 water melons。 【xi gua】 【shee goo-ar】

1. I don’t know why.

Let me write something about the corona virus crisis in my town. It is the end of Feb. and it is getting worse and worse. In my 47 years, I have never felt such hopeless situation in my country. No one knows what tomorrow will be like, and if we will be caught somewhere. I live in a rural town where luckily we have not yet heard of any case, but in nearby towns there were cases caught a few weeks ago.

So we are all looking for news on our phone. I hope my experience of working online will bring me some cash this year.

Try to translate the following sentences.

  1. wo Bu zhiDao his name. But he looks familiar.
  2. Why did ni Wen ta?
  3. Ta Bu zhiDao we are gone.
  4. Tell ta that ta is perfect for him.

Exercises

Q: Do you translate [don't ] [not] differently?(find out)
Q: In Chinese, can you say [I don't know.] without an object?(find out)
Q: Do you translate [I] [me] differently? (find out)
Q: Can we also put [Why] at the beginning of a question in Chinese?(find out)
wo zhiDao Weishenme. (translate)
wo Ai ni. (translate)
wo Bu zhiDao Weishenme wo zhiDao. (translate)
Sentence: I don't know why I awoke. [In this case, (why I awoke is an objective clause. )](translate)

Step Four: Read

Let me tell you a story. ...(translate)
Not too long ago, in Ningbo City, ...(translate)
There is a town suddently blocked, to provent the coronavirus from spreading. ...(translate)
Nobody was allowed to come in and out. ...(translate)
Including people living in the town. ...(translate)
There was a grampa going home after having walk. ...(translate)
He saw that the bridge had a roadblock on it, and he couldn't go home. ...(translate)
Some men didn't allow him to pass. ...(translate)
But his home was on the other side of river, ...(translate)
he had to go home. ...(translate)
There was no other way. ...(translate)
He decided to remove all his clothes. ...(translate)
Threw all of them to the other side. ...(translate)
And then went down to the river, and swan ...(translate)
to the other side. ...(translate)
It was winter, very cold. ...(translate)
But the grandpa was in good health, ...(translate)
He looked calm ...(translate)
And he returned hom, just like that. ...(translate)

Again, close your eyes, at least try to remember the pinyin.

4. I love you

Even kids are not used to say [I love you] in China. We are a lot more reserved than the westerners. We rarely say [I like you] too.

I love you.

sunflower love

OK, when we try to say something in Chinese language, we need to begin with finding the core word, which means the predicate of each sentence, after that, you will know where to put other words, ahead of it, or after it. We are talking about subjects, objects, etc.

So [love] is the predicate in our example, it is pronunced as Eye 爱 in Chinese. Try to memorize the sound like this: To love, you need an eye. 🙂

爱 love
Question 2: which word is the subject in [i love you]?

Even you are not familiar with these syntactic terms, you should be able to figure out that, I is the subject. 我 wo is the word in Chinese, it sounds like war with a low tone. So try to memorize this word this way: I am warm among Chinese.

QUESTION 3: WHICH WORD IS THE OBJECT?

Simple, [you] is the object of love. You are my goal of love.

Not every sentence has an object though, especially when the predicate is an adjective, or sometimes a phrase. In this sentence, [The boy is so cute.], the word cute is the adjective, boy is the subject, there is no object.

Sometimes when the predicate is a verb, there is no object either. For example, [He drives well.] we do not see an object.

An object is sometimes a clause, and a clause often has its own object. For example, in this sentence [I love that my husband brings me flowers every week.] In this case the clause is [My husband brings me flowers every week.], this whole chunk of words is the object of the sentence, while the noun [flowers] is the object of the clause.

If a sentence consists of a clause, then the whole sentence always needs to be taken apart and then reassembled. You will see some dramatic change.

Question 4, 5, 6

We will skip these three questions in this lesson because the sentence I gave you as an example is very simple. It has only three words, the verb predicate 爱, subject 我,and object 你。These three words are obviously very important in both cultures, so it is what we learn in Lesson 1.

爱 means love/to love, ai 爱, its pinyin is [ai]. Wait a minute, what the hell is pinyin? Let me explain. pin means spelling, yin means sound, so pinyin tells you how to make sound of a Chinese word. Pinyin uses letters, instead of Chinese characters, its original use was to help us how to pronounce. Nowadays its primary use is to connect us with the digital world through keyboard. Most Chinese type pinyin on the keyboard, and Chinese characters will show up on screen. 爱 means to love/love, its pinyin is Ai.

我 means I, or me. Its pinyin is wo, its sound is like war but with a low tone. So even the sound of I is like war, remember its tone needs to be low, to be humble. Also pay attention that the word 我 means I and me. So when you want to say [I LOVE ME.] you say wo Ai wo 我爱我.

你 means you. Its pinyin is ni, which sound like part of our legs. 你 means you.

So, how to say / You love me? The answer is ni Ai wo.

love bird

EXERCISES OF TODAY

  1. If [like] is [xiHuan] 喜欢,how do you say [you like me.]?
  2. If (not) is Bu 不, how do you say (I don’t love you.)?
AGAIN
  • I love you.  wo Ai ni.  war Eye nee. = 我爱你。
  • You love me.  ni Ai wo  nee Eye war = 你爱我。
  • Again, in Julian’s Mandarin Course, we are not going to teach you four tones, because you only need to know the high tones and low tones, and people will understand you, and it does not affect your ability of typing Chinese words on computer or phones.
  • Again, to avoid confusion in the future, I am not going to teach you Chinese characters either, you just need to try to memorize some of them to help you read. It does not affect your ability of communications.
CULTURAL AND STORIES

Love is not something we say a lot in China. When you are here, try to use the word like more often. People like of my parents’ generations or older have never said this word in their lives, even to their children, including their grandchildren. The word like xiHuan 喜欢 is a lot more popular.

That’s all for today’s lesson. We learned a few important wordsI love you, wo Ai ni. You love me, ni Ai wo. I like you, wo xiHuan ni, you like me, ni xiHuan wo.



Exercises

Q: What does [bu Ai] means?(find out)
Q: What does [wo xiHuan ni] means?(find out)
Q: What does [ni Ai wo] means?(find out)
Q: How do you say [do you love me]?(find out)

14 when you get older

The older you get, the more you realize that it’s Okay to live a life others don’t understand.

The more…the more… 越…越…pattern

  • 人[ren]People
  • 越[yue] the more
  • 变老[Bian lao] get older,
  • 你[ni] you
  • 就[Jiu] will
  • 越[Yue] the more
  • 意识到[YishiDao] realize,
  • 选择[xuanze] to choose
  • 一种[Yizhong] a
  • 别人[bieren] others
  • 不理解[Bu lijie] don’t understand
  • 的[de]’s
  • 生活方式[shenghuo fangShi] lifestyle,
  • 是[Shi] is
  • 没关系的[mei guanXi de] no problem/Okay。
豹子在树上

Shi…de 是。。。的。。pattern

is used to emphasize the word in between, in this case, it is the phrase “meiguanxi(not important)”.

  • It is Okay. … 是is 可以okay 的。
  • It is acceptable….是 is 可以…able 接受 accept 的.
  • live a life…活一辈子。
  • I 我 lived 活了 an 一个 amazing 精彩的 life 人生.
  • He lived a poor life.
  • 他 He 一辈子 the whole life 都 all 很 very 穷困 poor。

Father and son build 50000 beehives around the World 006

父子两人在全球搭建了五万多个蜂巢。

Fuzi. father and son

liangren.two persons…

JianZao le . built…JianZao.build

wuWan . 50,000…wu.five…Wan.ten thousand.

duo Ge. +/more than…duo.more…Ge.piece

fengchao./bee hives…feng is bee…Mifeng…honey bee

Zai quanShiJie. around the world…Zai.at…quan.whole…ShiJie.world

They increased the new population and let people harvest honey without harming them.