inMountains Mandarin Course, 山水中文课。大家好，hello everybody, 这是第8课。This is Lesson 8.
Welcome to inMountains Mandarin Course. Let's learn how to say this sentence in Chinese (8_We want it) . This is Lesson 8, today is 05-11-21, Tuesday, my name is Julian Luo, recording this lesson in China Changsha.
Step One: Grammar
The first question. Is there ----------
a title (sir/madam/Mr./Dr./Professor...), or phrases like [please/if I may...]?
---------- in the sentence [8_We want it]? They need to be said first in Chinese. * Note that only when your page is fully loaded, then click the link below, otherwise it won't act. Thank you.
Clause is a [short] sentence, which plays a role in the main sentence. For example, [I met a man who was my friend many years ago.], in this sentence [who was my friend many years ago] is the objective modifier, modifying the object [man].
Are there any words indicating a ----------
Time, conditions, purposes, reasons, locations... (why?)
---------- in [8_We want it]?(such as: this afternoon/next week/over here/because/if/when...) They also need to be said first.
Time/locations/purposes/reasons/conditions are also normally said first, before the subject. So take a look.
Every sentence has a predicate, which of the following is the correct expression?(what?)
Predicates are typically verbs, sometimes adjectives. In this sentence [I love you.], love is the predicate, another sentence [What time did you leave?], leave is the predicate. [The child is so cute.], cute is the predicate, so is an adverbial modifier, in Chinese, we call it Zhuangyu.
Is there any words that should transform into a compliment in [8_We want it]? (what?)
Sometimes we want to emphasize something in a sentencee, and we locate them in an unusual position to achieve. Compliments are a type of adverbial modifier, which stays at the end of a sentence, instead of between the subject and predicates.
Close your eyes, see if you can remember the characters, and the pinyin. If you find the sounds still difficult to pronounce, please let us know using the comment box on our site.
Good day, this is Julian’s Mandarin Course, I am Julian Luo. I am talking to you about learning Chinese language in a village which is where I was born, I grew up. The name of the village is called Dapoling, Da means Great, po means Slope, ling means mountain ridge, Dapoling means this is a place at the foot of a hill, you need to climb a great long slope, pass a mountain ridge, and find another village.
So my village is full of stories, I love my hometown. That’s one of the reasons I left the city I lived, and came back to live with the peasants. Many of the peasants grew up with me, but they didn’t receive high education as I did, they couldn’t leave the town. I was a teenager when I left this town for a boarding school in the city, when I returned, my head is full of gray hair.
That’s a little bit of my background. Let’s come back to our inMountains Classroom.
Yesterday we learned the sentence [I love you.] 我爱你 wo Ai ni. I love 你ni, 我wo love you, You love me/ is /ni Ai wo. Note that the word Ai has a capitalized letter A, which means it is the accent.
We also explained why we do not teach Chinese characters, why we only teach two tones instead of four tones. The reasons are simple, I believe you should skip those less essential stuff when your primary goal is to talk in Chinese. Without learning Chinese characters you can still talk to a Chinese person, with the wrong tones you can also communicate with a native Mandarin speaker, not perfectly but well enough.
Today we are going to learn how to say [we want it.] These three words are very important in our daily lives, it is a very simple sentence with clear structure: the word we is the subject 主语 zhuyu, want is the predicate 谓语 weiyu, and object 宾语 binyu is /it/. Again, the most important word is want 要 yao, Every Chinese or English sentence has a predicate 谓语 weiyu.
We want it. = 我们要它。women we/us, Yao want, ta it. We want it = women Yao ta. 我们 want it. We 要 it. We want 它。
I want you. 我要你。You want me. 你要我。
How do you say [It wants us. ]? 它要我们。ta Yao women. Remember that 我们 means we, and us. They are the same translation.
Yesterday we learned the word 爱 which means to love. We also mentioned the word 喜欢 xiHuan, which means to like.
We love it. = 我们很喜欢它 women hen xiHuan ta. In this case, love is not translated as 爱, instead we say 很喜欢 very much like. Remember that yesterday I said we do not use the word love as frequently as English speakers, we tend to say 喜欢 like, or very like 很喜欢.
We love it / can also be translated as /我们爱它/ women Ai ta/, it depends on what we are talking about. If we love the experience, a game, a party, then we should say 很喜欢 hen xiHuan, if we love a small animal, a pet, then we say 爱 Ai. We 爱 the pet. We 爱 our dog. I 爱 the animal. My mom 爱 the little bird we rescued.
Let’s talk about the word 我们 women, which means we/us. Remember how we say I/me? It is 我 wo. So they sound similar. Right, 我 means I/me, 我们 means we/us. So the word 们 refers to a plural form. 我 love our dog, 我们 all love our dog. 我 want the toy, 我们 both want the toy. 我爱 our home, 我们爱 our village.
women is spelled as w-o-men, its sound is like warMen, note that the first syllable is low, while the second is higher, but not very high. In Chinese, when we talk about I, we, you, the tones are all low, humble, quiet, when we talk about he/she/it, the tones are higher as those people are not near so we can talk about them loudly, I guess.
want 想要/要 Yao
When we translate English verbs into Chinese, in many cases we have to choose from a number of options, however when we translate the word /want/, we have only one option – 想要/要. which saves our time. Here below are some of the examples how we use this word.
Mom, 我要 go out to play with friends. – Mom, I want to go out to play with friends.
Dad, 我要 icecream. – Dad, I want icecream.
Teacher, 我要go to the bathroom. – Teacher, I want to use the bathroom.
Julian, 你要 go to the beach? – Julian, do you want to go to the beach?
Boss, 我们要 buy a pair of pants. – Boss/shop owner, we want to buy a pair of pants.
Other use of the word 要
Son, 你要 come back early. – Son, you needto come back early.
Mother, 我要 become a superstar. – Mother, my life goal is to become a superstar.
ta 它 it
As in English, the word 它 it/ta refers to non-human objects, which could be animals, plants, or just stuff.
它们 tamen means a number of non-human objects.
它 is a white dog. It is a white dog.
它was rescued in the street by a girl. It was rescued…
I love 它。 I love it.
I want you to have 它. I want you to have it.
它们 (tamen) are over a dozen cats living together in the village of Dapoling. They are over a dozen cats.
Please bring 它们 to me. Please bring them to me.
GO THROUGH IT AGAIN
我爱你 wo Ai ni. = I love you. 你爱我 ni Ai wo. = You love me.
我们要它 women Yao ta. = We want it. 它要我们 ta Yao women. = It wants us.
我喜欢你 wo xiHuan ni. = I like you. 你 like 我 = you like me.
你love 它。= You love it. 它 love 你 = It loves you.
Exercises of Today
Try to make a few sentences using the Chinese words above, and post your sentence below in the form, I will check them for you.
That’s all for today. It’s sunny outside, I am going to work in my craftsman studio to make something in the sun, with my dog White Fox. This is Julian, see you tomorrow.
pinyin: ni xiHuan ta ma? nee sheeHoo-an tar mar? --
【Click here】 to take another look at the sentence and words we learned today.
Learning Advices 汉语学习建议
If you are from America, before we go to Homedepot to shop for construction materials, we need to know these terms: windows, doors, walls, floors, furniture, right? See, floor, roof and wall are the major elements of a house, there won't be a house without them. Some words in a sentence play such roles. While doors and windows are not as essential. A house is still a house without windows, or even doors. adverbs, most adjectives are just like them, without them the meaning will change, but probably not that much. Furniture is even less important, just like these words: [the][is][and]...It's fine without them, people will still understand you if you skip those words. So we need to train our brain to focus on those important words in a sentence.
昨天 yesterday 我们学习了几个词 we learned a few new words.
like (喜欢) (xihuan/shee hoo-an).
ma (吗) (ma/muh - the word 吗 indicates a yes or no question in Chinese.).
Question: How to say: Does it like you? (Answer: 它喜欢你吗？ ta xihuan ni ma?)
Question: How to say: Do you like it, If you as a group of people? (Answer: 你们喜欢它吗？ nimen xihuan ta ma? Note that we add a word 们 after 你, so you becomes 你们.)
前天 the day before yesterday.
girl (女孩) (nvhai/newhai).
beautiful (漂亮) (Piao Liang/Pee-au Lee-ung).
Question: translate [very good looking][very pretty] (Answer: very good looking = 很好看 hen haoKan；very pretty = 很漂亮 hen PiaoLiang；beautiful /pretty = meili/PiaoLiang; good looking = haoKan 好看; handsome = yingJun 英俊)
Question: 你好吗？ Do you remember what this means? (Answer: How are you?)
Question: translate [China is beautiful. ] (Answer: 中国China dsong_goo-or 很 hen 美丽 meiLi。)
Question: You are good looking. (Answer: 你[ni] you 很[hen] 好看[haoKan] good looking。)
Question: This is a beautiful girl. (Answer: 这Zhe 是 Shi 一 yi 个 Ge 美丽 meiLi 的 de 女 nv 孩 hai。)
What is your name?
How old are you?(you may just type "adult" if you prefer not to tell.)